The Olympic marathon is the ultimate endurance race in modern sports— 26.2 miles that honors the exact distance run by the legendary runner Pheidippides, who ran from Marathon to Athens to announce the victory of the Greeks over the Persians at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC.
Frenchman Michel Bréal was inspired by the Ancient Greek tale and pushed to have the marathon in the first modern Olympic Games in Athens in 1896. The race would take the same route from Marathon to Athens— at the time vast countryside and olive tree groves.
Spyridon Louis never had formal running training but entered the qualification race a few weeks before the Olympics for his chance to represent Greece. He wasn’t a favorite to win but years of working for his father’s mineral water company was enough training for him to ultimately win.
Spyridon’s father owned a mineral water company in the village of Maroussi, then outside the city of Athens. Spyridon worked for his father and used to cart water back and forth between the village and the businesses in the city.
The marathon was run on April 10, 1896 (or March 29 by the Julian Calendar then in use in Greece).
The race itself— and Louis’ victory, is the stuff Greek legends are made of.
According to stories from ancestors, while trailing the leader, about 10 kilometers before the end of the race in the town of Pikermi, Louis stopped at a local taverna and downed a glass of wine (or Cognac as some have suggested). He quickly caught up with the leader and won the race, entering the Panathenaic Stadium— also known as the Marble Stadium, which was built for the 1986 Olympics as a symbol to their ancient heritage.
Greek fans were elated and Spyridon Louis became a national hero. He received his olive wreath and gold medal— and his only wish from the King was granted by the ruling monarch at the time.
Spyridon wanted a cart to transport his father’s water between Maroussi and Athens.